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Fusion 5.12
    Fusion 5.12

    JDBC SQL V2 Connector

    The JDBC SQL V2 connector uses a Java-based API to fetch documents from a relational database.

    For configuration details, see JDBC V2 Connector Configuration Reference.

    Blob store for JDBC drivers

    When you add the JDBC drivers to the blobStore, the connector pulls the drivers and adds the information to the Java classpath.

    Since the connector pulls all the drivers in blobStore, you must ensure there are no conflicting .jar files.

    Supported JDBC drivers

    This section contains a list of supported JDBC drivers that are compatible with any driver/database that implements a SQL standard.

    Authentication parameters may be provided as part of the connection string. It is not necessary to include a username and password in the datasource configuration.

    MySQL

    Postgresql

    Microsoft SQL Server and Azure SQL Service

    • Download driver

    • Default driver class name: com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver

    • Connection URL specification

      For example: jdbc:sqlserver://mssql:1433

    • Also used for cloud-based Azure SQL Service

      For example: jdbc:sqlserver://azure-test.database.windows.net:1433;database=testdbencrypt=true;trustServerCertificate=false;hostNameInCertificate=*.database.windows.net;loginTimeout=30;

    Oracle database

    IBM DB2

    Crawl

    The JDBC V2 connector retrieves data based on the user-supplied SQL query. The SQL implementation allows full use of all features, but for best results, structure the SQL query to utilize pagination.

    Automatic pagination

    Automatic pagination is enabled by default. You can disable it by setting enableAutomaticPagination to false. The batchSize field sets the number of documents per "page".

    When a SQL query includes pagination terms such as OFFSET, LIMIT, or ROWS ONLY, the SQL query terms override automatic pagination.

    When crawling an IBM DB2 database, the pagination method depends on your database version:

    • IBM DB2 version < 11.5 - Pagination is performed using subqueries.

    • IBM DB2 version >= 11.5 - Pagination is performed using rows and offsets.

      Appending --subquery to the SQL query statement forces the connector to paginate using subqueries regardless of the IBM DB2 database version.

    Special variables for pagination

    Use the following properties to specify pagination:

    • ${limit}

    • ${offset}

    The properties are:

    • Placeholders that the connector updates based on batchSize.

    • Used in native SQL as values for the LIMIT and OFFSET parameters, respectively.

    Examples of SQL statements that include the properties for:

    • MySQL, postgresql, and DB2: SELECT * FROM example_table LIMIT ${limit} OFFSET ${offset}

    • Microsoft, Azure, and Oracle: SELECT * FROM example_table ORDER BY id OFFSET ${offset} ROWS FETCH NEXT ${limit} ROWS ONLY

    Nested queries

    The connector supports nested queries, which:

    • Are a set of SQL queries performed on each row returned by the main query

    • Can degrade performance significantly because they are executed on every row returned

      Use the `${id}` variable to retrieve items associated with a specific primary key. For example:

    SELECT * FROM example_table ORDER BY id OFFSET ${offset} ROWS FETCH NEXT ${limit} ROWS ONLY

    Incremental crawl

    In addition to the main SQL query, users can also specify an optional delta SQL query that returns only new and modified items to increase performance during recrawls. The special ${limit} and ${offset} pagination variables are the same as in normal crawls.

    Special incremental crawl variable

    Use the ${last_index_time} variable for an incremental crawl, which is:

    • A placeholder that contains the time the last crawl completed

    • Used to filter results for items added or modified since the last time the datasource job was run

    • Stored as a timestamp in the following format:

      yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss.SSS

    The format may not be compatible with all driver date math implementations without additional conversion steps.

    An example of a SQL statement that includes the ${last_index_time} property is:

    SELECT * FROM example_table WHERE (timestamp_column >= ${last_index_time})

    Stray content deletion

    Stray content deletion is:

    • A plug-in feature that deletes documents from a content collection that are not rediscovered on subsequent crawls after the first crawl. This process is also referred to as removing stale documents from the content collection.

    • Enabled by default

    • Configured by the user because native SQL does not provide the ability to retrieve rows that have been deleted from a table

    Using a delta query to perform incremental crawling only returns new and modified items. If stray content deletion is enabled when the delta query is run, unmodified items that are still valid are deleted.

    Processor flow diagram

    The diagram represents the flow for full crawls.

    NOTE: Incremental crawls are the same except they begin with the Checkpoint Processor, which emits a page candidate with the:

    • Delta SQL query if provided

    • Original query if the delta query is not provided

    Processor flow diagram