Blob Store API

The Blob Store REST API provides REST methods to store, retrieve or list files in a Lucene index.

It can be used to upload a jar file which contains standard Solr components such as RequestHandlers, SearchComponents, or other custom code you have written for Solr. Schema components do not yet support the Blob Store.

When using the blob store, note that the API does not delete or overwrite a previous object if a new one is uploaded with the same name. It always adds a new version of the blob to the index. Deletes can be performed with standard REST delete commands.

The blob store is only available when running in SolrCloud mode. Solr in standalone mode does not support use of a blob store.

The blob store API is implemented as a requestHandler. A special collection named ".system" is used to store the blobs. This collection can be created in advance, but if it does not exist it will be created automatically.

About the .system Collection

Before uploading blobs to the blob store, a special collection must be created and it must be named .system. Solr will automatically create this collection if it does not already exist, but you can also create it manually if you choose.

The BlobHandler is automatically registered in the .system collection. The solrconfig.xml, Schema, and other configuration files for the collection are automatically provided by the system and don’t need to be defined specifically.

If you do not use the -shards or -replicationFactor options, then defaults of numShards=1 and replicationFactor=3 (or maximum nodes in the cluster) will be used.

You can create the .system collection with the CREATE command of the Collections API, as in this example:

V1 API

curl http://localhost:8983/solr/admin/collections?action=CREATE&name=.system&replicationFactor=2&numShards=2

Note that this example will create the .system collection across 2 shards with a replication factor of 2; you may need to customize this for your Solr implementation.

V2 API

curl -X POST -H 'Content-type: application/json' -d '{"create": {"name": ".system", "numShards": "2", "replicationFactor": "2"}}' http://localhost:8983/api/collections

Note that this example will create the .system collection across 2 shards with a replication factor of 2; you may need to customize this for your Solr implementation.

Important
The bin/solr script cannot be used to create the .system collection.

Upload Files to Blob Store

After the .system collection has been created, files can be uploaded to the blob store with a request similar to the following:

V1 API

curl -X POST -H 'Content-Type: application/octet-stream' --data-binary @{filename} http://localhost:8983/solr/.system/blob/{blobname}

For example, to upload a file named "test1.jar" as a blob named "test", you would make a POST request like:

curl -X POST -H 'Content-Type: application/octet-stream' --data-binary @test1.jar http://localhost:8983/solr/.system/blob/test

V2 API

curl -X POST -H 'Content-Type: application/octet-stream' --data-binary @{filename} http://localhost:8983/api/collections/.system/blob/{blobname}

For example, to upload a file named "test1.jar" as a blob named "test", you would make a POST request like:

curl -X POST -H 'Content-Type: application/octet-stream' --data-binary @test1.jar http://localhost:8983/api/collections/.system/blob/test

A GET request will return the list of blobs and other details:

V1 API

For all blobs:

curl http://localhost:8983/solr/.system/blob?omitHeader=true

For a single blob:

curl http://localhost:8983/solr/.system/blob/test?omitHeader=true

Output:

{
  "response":{"numFound":1,"start":0,"docs":[
      {
        "id":"test/1",
        "md5":"20ff915fa3f5a5d66216081ae705c41b",
        "blobName":"test",
        "version":1,
        "timestamp":"2015-02-04T16:45:48.374Z",
        "size":13108}]
  }
}

V2 API

For all blobs:

curl http://localhost:8983/api/collections/.system/blob?omitHeader=true

For a single blob:

curl http://localhost:8983/api/collections/.system/blob/test?omitHeader=true

Output:

{
  "response":{"numFound":1,"start":0,"docs":[
      {
        "id":"test/1",
        "md5":"20ff915fa3f5a5d66216081ae705c41b",
        "blobName":"test",
        "version":1,
        "timestamp":"2015-02-04T16:45:48.374Z",
        "size":13108}]
  }
}

The filestream response writer can retrieve a blob for download, as in:

V1 API

For a specific version of a blob, include the version to the request:

curl http://localhost:8983/solr/.system/blob/{blobname}/{version}?wt=filestream > {outputfilename}

For the latest version of a blob, the {version} can be omitted:

curl http://localhost:8983/solr/.system/blob/{blobname}?wt=filestream > {outputfilename}

V2 API For a specific version of a blob, include the version to the request:

curl http://localhost:8983/api/collections/.system/blob/{blobname}/{version}?wt=filestream > {outputfilename}

For the latest version of a blob, the {version} can be omitted:

curl http://localhost:8983/api/collections/.system/blob/{blobname}?wt=filestream > {outputfilename}

Use a Blob in a Handler or Component

To use the blob as the class for a request handler or search component, you create a request handler in solrconfig.xml as usual. You will need to define the following parameters:

class

the fully qualified class name. For example, if you created a new request handler class called CRUDHandler, you would enter org.apache.solr.core.CRUDHandler.

runtimeLib

Set to true to require that this component should be loaded from the classloader that loads the runtime jars.

For example, to use a blob named test, you would configure solrconfig.xml like this:

<requestHandler name="/myhandler" class="org.apache.solr.core.myHandler" runtimeLib="true" version="1">
</requestHandler>

If there are parameters available in the custom handler, you can define them in the same way as any other request handler definition.

Note
Blob store can only be used to dynamically load components configured in solrconfig.xml. Components specified in schema.xml cannot be loaded from blob store.